Marijuana is a well-known drug people associate with different names, depending on their country of residence. In Jamaica, it goes by the name ganja, while people in the United Kingdom call it cannabis. Other names include skunk, grass, weed, pot, and many more. To some people, this marijuana is medicinal with less or no side-effects. However, getting hooked on this drug can pose several challenges unforeseen. Drug addiction is a severe condition that can hamper a person’s productive lifestyle and relationship with others. Unfortunately, there is no tested cure for this disorder. The only way out is to undergo marijuana rehabilitation.
What makes marijuana controversial? There is a general opinion that it is healthy and non-addictive. However, many individuals are unable to see the bigger picture of marijuana dependence being a threat. Over time, the body system adjusts itself to take in more doses of this substance, without the person’s knowledge. This process goes on until the negative effects become more glaring. Adverse effects caused by tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), an active chemical in the drug, may include warped or distorted perception, incoordination, memory loss, palpitations, and many more.
Challenges Marijuana Addiction Poses
Getting over marijuana addiction can be challenging for a user as the drug has a strong presence globally. Purchasing the substance is a walk in the park for anyone. For this reason, many people end up relapsing. There are rehabs for marijuana abuse and addiction. Such centres help patients to detox, safely eliminating the toxic substance from their systems. And that is not all. They also provide the right guidance to control cravings and urges after treatment.
Apart from the addiction being an adverse effect of marijuana, there are other health risks as well. It is worth noting that inhaling the smoke from this substance can increase an individual’s heart rate (moving from 70-80 bpm to 90-130 bpm or even double the current rate) within a few minutes. At this point, the eye blood vessels expand, creating a bloodshot effect. Also, the air passages (bronchial tubes) enlarge. Combining it with other drugs can intensify the effect.
Some research documentations have been able to link this drug with testicular cancer and cardiovascular issues. Additionally, chances are that such an individual is prone to heart complications, as such probability is five times more during the first hour of inhaling the smoke. Another alarming factor is the increase in blood pressure and a reduction in the circulation of oxygenated blood. Heavy users are likely to experience orthostatic hypotension, which may likely result in fainting.
Even though there is a medical variant, users have to monitor their level of intake, especially if they have underlying health issues or they are of the older age group.
First Step to Recovery
The medical and psychology fields have tons of treatment programs capable of making one’s head spin in confusion. Nevertheless, the ideal place to start with marijuana addiction recovery is a reputable inpatient/outpatient rehab. What makes outpatient rehabs different from inpatient counterparts? These centres come with robust amenities and work flexibility to handle severe addiction cases. On the other hand, outpatient rehabs provide patients who have mild to moderate addiction with therapies and counselling.
Inpatient Marijuana Addiction Rehab
Most patients are familiar with this type of rehab as it offers a comprehensive healthcare system that caters to marijuana dependency. Here, patients live on the drug-free premises for the duration of their treatments. The facility has a vast team of health experts in related medical fields that are ready to provide optimum treatment programs round the clock. With each milestone completed, the work schedule (therapy sessions and counselling) for a particular patient reduces, until the individual is medically certified to leave. Some of them provide post-treatment follow-up to ensure consistency and prevent relapses.
What to Expect
Most inpatient marijuana addiction rehabilitation centres provide patients with counselling and therapy. Often, they use behavioural therapy to address underlying psychological triggers responsible for addiction. The duration of the treatment program varies according to the individual and the severity of the addiction. On average, the timeframe is 12 weeks. During this period, the patient gains in-depth knowledge of marijuana dependency and techniques to address it, including ways to resist urges and prevent relapses. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is essential as well.
Another area these centres cover when treating marijuana addiction is the provision of a support group. Patients who battle different types of addiction need such groups, including Narcotics Anonymous (NA) for drug addiction, Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) for alcohol use disorder, Sex Addicts Anonymous (SAA) for sex addiction, just to name a few. In the case of Marijuana addiction, patients may seek Marijuana Anonymous (MA) for recovery support. These groups use a 12-step program to identify and resolve addiction problems concerning the use of marijuana.
Not many communities run MA. As such, the closest group that provides a similar recovery program is NA. However, if patients choose not to go for the 12-step recovery model, they can opt for Self-Management and Recovery Training Recovery (SMART Recovery).
The Provision of Talk Therapy by In-Patient Rehabs
One of the treatment programs in-patient marijuana addiction rehab offers is talk therapy. During this session, patients may come questions that address the following:
- People who encourage drug abuse
- Emotions that may trigger addiction
- Periods of the day when cravings are high
- Sources of drug acquisition
As such, the psychotherapist can identify the patient’s behavioural pattern and other causative elements that may promote marijuana dependency. A sobriety treatment plan is set in place to commence the recovery process.
Merits of In-Patient Rehab for Marijuana Treatment
Patients battling severe marijuana addiction can benefit from a 24-hour care system provided by in-patient marijuana rehabilitation centres, compared to outpatient rehabs. They can access full-time medical supervision and support systems to commence their journey towards becoming free from addiction. In-patient rehabs provide a robust platform to live a healthy post-treatment lifestyle. Patients can avail themselves of one closest to their residence.
There are top-notch amenities in place to make their stay comfortable while giving them streamlined medical services. On the other hand, outpatient marijuana rehabs cater to those individuals with mild to moderate addiction or patients that have completed their treatments at an in-patient centre. They provide more treatment flexibility that helps users recover while carrying out their daily assignments. Often, appointments may be on weekends. However, for this to happen, such persons must have a strong support system outside the rehab environment.
In summary, people battling marijuana addiction don’t have to remain silent on their ordeal. An in-patient addiction rehab may be what they need to break free from this mental condition and embrace a healthy lifestyle.